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India reported 21.4 lakh cases of TB in 2021, up 18% from 2020: Health Ministry

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Peeyush Ghalot
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According to the Health Ministry's response to the World Health Organization's (WHO) Global TB Report 2022, India's TB incidence for the year 2021 is 210 per 100,000 people compared to the baseline year of 2015 (incidence was 256 per lakh population in India), and there has been an 18% decline, which is 7 percentage points better than the global average of 11%. The COVID-19 pandemic's effects on TB diagnosis, care, and disease burden were considered in the Global TB Report 2022, which was published by the WHO. According to a WHO report, 10.6 million individuals were predicted to have contracted tuberculosis (TB) in 2021, up 4.5% from 2020, and 1.6 million died from the disease (including 187 000 among HIV positive people). In addition, the burden of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) grew by 3% between 2020 and 2021, with 450 000 new cases of rifampicin-resistant TB (RR-TB) in 2021, according to the organization's 2022 Global TB report. For the first time in many years, an increase in the number of TB and drug-resistant TB cases has been documented. While the COVID-19 pandemic affected TB programmes around the world, India was able to successfully offset the disruptions caused by the introduction of critical interventions in 2020 and 2021. As a result, the National TB Elimination Programme was able to notify over 21.4 lakh TB cases, which is 18% more cases than it did in 2020, according to the Ministry. The Ni-kshay Poshan Yojana, a nutrition support programme for the TB Program, has proven to be essential for the weak in this regard. According to the Ministry, India's Direct Benefit Transfer programme provided cash transfers to TB sufferers totaling 89 million dollars (INR 670 crore) in 2020 and 2021. Through donations from the community, including individuals and organisations, the Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyan was created in India to provide additional nutritional support to patients undergoing TB treatment.

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