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Guidelines issued by the Ministry of Health to Combat Monkeypox

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Published By:
Peeyush Ghalot
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Published On:
01-06-2022
(Image Courtesy: - India.com)

The Union Health Ministry noted in its 'Guidelines on Management of Monkeypox Disease' that India must be prepared to deal with cases of monkeypox due to an increase in reports of cases in non-endemic nations. It confirmed that no cases of monkeypox sickness have been detected in India as of now. According to a Health Ministry official, monkeypox (MPX) is a viral zoonotic disease with symptoms comparable to smallpox, but with less clinical severity. The Ministry of Health has stated that while the virus's natural reservoir is unclear, certain rodents and non-human primates are known to be naturally susceptible to monkeypox virus. The incubation period (time between infection and onset of symptoms) for monkeypox is usually 6 to 13 days, although it can be anywhere from 5 to 21 days, and the period of communicability is 1-2 days before the rash appears until all the scabs fall off/disappear. During the period of isolation, a patient should be closely monitored for symptoms such as eye pain or blurring of vision, shortness of breath, chest pain, difficulty breathing, altered consciousness, seizure, decrease in urine output, poor oral intake, and lethargy, according to the Ministry, and a nearby healthcare facility/specialist should be contacted immediately if needed. Contacts should be followed at least daily for the development of signs/symptoms for a period of 21 days (as defined by case definition) after their last contact with a patient or their contaminated materials during the infectious period, according to the Guidelines.

Reference: - https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ministry-issues-guidelines-to-manage-monkeypox/article65480698.ece